Minor cuts and scrapes
Clean the injury with an antiseptic wipe or with soap and water. If the skin is broken, apply antibiotic ointment with cotton-tipped applicators and cover with a bandage. Change the dressing daily or if the bandage becomes torn or wet. Once the injury forms a scab, it no longer needs to be covered unless the animal is biting or scratching at it. Watch for signs of infection such as redness or swelling, which would require veterinary care.
Any bite wound that punctures a dog’s skin should be seen by a veterinarian as soon as possible. Infection and possible internal damage are not uncommon, and the sooner these wounds are addressed, the better the outcome. Not all wounds are visible at first glance, especially on a furry dog.
When you locate a tick, remove it immediately using a tick remover or tweezers. It’s better to use a tick remover if possible, as tweezers may split the tick and potentially spread disease. Avoid using bare hands, and opt for rubber gloves if possible. After removing the tick, wash hands thoroughly with soap and water.
In case of a limb injury, try to prevent further injury or discomfort. With limping or non-weight-bearing dogs, prevent the dog from moving for at least 15 to 30 minutes. Consider strict cage rest, and re-evaluate your dog after that time has passed. If pain persists or a limb is still non-weight-bearing, seek veterinary care.
Insect bites and bee stings
Start off by icing the affected area. Make a paste of baking soda and water, and apply to dry skin, then wipe off using a small brush or toothbrush. Lastly, consider one dose of Benadryl at 1 milligram per pound. Note: Benadryl comes in 25-milligram tablets. Do not give a dog more than three tablets at once, even giant dogs. Smaller dogs weighing less than 20 pounds can be given Benadryl pediatric drops, also sold over the counter.
Apply a cold compress or ice pack to the injured area for intervals of 10 minutes.
Apply firm yet gentle pressure for up to five minutes so that the blood clots. Seek veterinary care as soon as possible if there is profuse bleeding. Consider applying a tourniquet using a belt or a strip of rag. Pressure must be decreased every 15 minutes.